Environmental biotechnologiesThere is great turmoil in this sector that studies and proposes solutions and applications for different industries in compliance with the regulations on environmental protection and safety.
Edizioni GreenPlanner has promoted again this year a conference entitled “Where environmental biotechnologies are being grown in Italy”. Even if we have not directly spoken about fashion, we are announcing this to show how much the research world is doing to find alternative solutions in order to engage the challenge of sustainability.
Biotechnologies develop solutions to obtain sustainable products from the design to the end of life or the reuse of waste for the creation of new materials, in full coherence with the principles of the circular economy, whose European directives are increasingly stringent.
Anna Maria Ranieri of the University of Pisa, has been conducting research on the recycling of agro-industrial waste for a few years to create edible coatings derived from chitosan obtained from organic crustacean shells or mushrooms and from the pharmaceutical industry discarded collagen. These transparent and edible films that can be removed with water, can prolong the preservation of fruits and vegetables, limit bacterial contamination and maintain high quality.
Nicoletta Ravasio, of the Italian National Research Council, is instead studying a vegetable fibre-reinforced-plastic derived from hemp oil, as part of a research on the production of bio-plastics to replace oil derivatives with plant derivatives. With vegetable fibres we obtain very resistant and long-lasting eco-sustainable materials used, for example, in the automotive industry, in the production of furnishing accessories, in aeronautics, in bio-building. Bio-plastics that also have the advantage of being retrained at the end of their lifecycle.
Fabrizi Adani, Riciclo Group of the University of Milan, Elisa Casaletta, Agromatrici, and Diego Bosco, Italbiotec Consortium illustrated the experience of PHA Star, Cowboy and Rainbow: research for the creation of completely biodegradable and eco-sustainable bio-products (furniture complements, bags and objects of common use) starting from urban and agri-food waste.